North West Mounted Police

The Symbol of NWMP

The symbol of the north west mounted police since 1869.

The north west mounted police was created in 1869 by canadian goverment to fight with some of their enemys.

The fort  whoop up

the fort whoop up

American traders built their headquarters at the junction of the Oldman and St. mary’s rivers near the present city of  lethbridge.     They called it fort hamilton after its founder, but it become known as fort whoop up

the meting between first nations and the NWMP

There was the very first meeting between the First nations and the NWMP.That time the first nation din’t know what to do with the NWMP but there was steel lots of aruwing between them about the land.

Canada West 1890s Overview


 1. The National Council of Women was established by Lady Aberdeen.

National Council of Women

1892 – 1896

2. Canada had four prime ministers between 1892 and 1896: Sir John Abbott, Sir John Thompson, Sir Mackenzie Bowell, and Sir Charles Tupper.

1896 – 1899
3. The Klondike gold rush took place in the Yukon Territory.

The Klondike Gold Rush

4. Resolution of Manitoba Schools Question

The Wood Lake School, Manitoba, 1896

5. Imperial Council of British Colonies

Journey to the British Empire

6. Yukon Territory joined the Confederation:
<- 1 -> Gold Rush prospectors come with the gold rush
<- 2 – > Fear of American take-over motivates Canada to give this part of the Northwest Territory its own name.

The Yukon Territory is formed

7. Signing of Treaty 8
– The main idea : It gave the Canadian government to access the land in the northern part ( Red-shaded part).

Treaty 8, 1898 - 1899, signed by the First Nation and the Canadian government






8.  South African (Boer) War

During the War

9. Alaska Boundary Dispute

contributed to the Canada's rejection of Free Trade


Klondike Dawson City Gold Rush Fever 1896-1899

Yukon Route: narrow gauge railroad which was born of the Klondike Gold Rush in 1897

Name: Klondike Gold Rush; Yukon Gold Rush , Alaska Gold Rush  and Last Great Gold Rush                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

Take Place: The Dawson City. The meeting of Klondike and Yukon River.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

Discovery: Discovered by George Washing Carmack, Skookum Jim, and Tagish Charlie at Bonanza Creek ( were called Rabbit Creek) on August 16,1896.                                                                                                                                                                              




Klondike Dawson City 1890s

Gold Rush Fever — at the City/Town of Dawson

Approximately 100,000 people traveled to the Klondike region of the Yukon Territory in north-western Canada between the year of 1896 to 1899 — the Gold Rush. George.W. Carmack discovered golds in a large qualities on August 16, 1896. Although the journey to the Klondike involved to travel in long distance and climbing difficult mountain, a lot of prospectors and miners became rich after they discovered rich amount of gold.

After the Gold Rush, the population of Dawson decreased to roughly 16, 000.























Prime Minister 1890’s

Sir John Abbott

After the death of Sir John A Macdonald, sir John Joseph Abbott was elected prime minster from June. 16, 1891 – Nov. 24, 1892






Sir John Thompson

Sir John Sparrow Thompson was elected as prime minister from Dec. 5, 1892 – Dec. 12, 1894





Sir Mackenzie Bowell

 Sir Mackenzie Bowell was elected Prime Minister from Dec. 21, 1894 – Apr. 27, 1896





Sir Charles Tupper

 Sir Charles Tupper was elected Prime Minister from May. 1, 1896 – July. 8, 1896

Sir Wilfrid Laurier


Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberals governed Canada in 1896 – 1911. Laurier’s challenges included:

  • Balancing French and English concerns                                                                                  
  • Developing a stronger Canadian identity

Gold and Growth

The Klondike gold rush was an event that led to the immigration of thousands in a short period of time to a cold and harsh land that most people would normally avoid.


20 Days Journey: Alaska & Klondike Gold Rush

Although travel to the Klondike was difficult, there are economy-stimulating industries popped up nevertheless. Among them were the outfitters along the routes who equipped new prospectors for their trip, and skilled guides for muddy and stormy waterways.

Miners and prospectors climbed the Chilkoot Trail during the Klondike gold rush.

The Climbing



The population grew. The Canadian government worried Americans were  becoming too interested in the area. So Canada created a new territory to bring into Confederation: Yukon.

The Yukon Territory joined the Dominion of Canada in 1898


The gold rush did not last long, and it has been estimated that it took as much money from people as they got out of it in gold. But it did have at least one lasting effect: the Canadian north had opened up to settlement.

The Canadian Pacific Railway

The routes of Canadian Pacific Railway:  

CPR poster

The routes of CPR

The Canadian Pacific Railway, formerly also known as CP Rail. Headquartered in Calgery, Alberta, it’s approximately 14,000 miles (25,000 km) route miles of track cross Canada in to United States, stretching from Montreal to Vancouver, and as far north as Edmonton.

There were many difficulties with building the Canadian Pacific Railway. In the end, however, the CPR was instrumental in building and uniting Canada.




1. Functions Of CPR 

  • Immigrants:  Carried immigrants past the difficult terrain of Lake Superior and across the vast prairies.
  • Chinese Workers: Inadvertently increased immigration numbers as workers remained after completing the CPR.
  • Farmers: Moved freight from the middle of the continent to world transportation routes.
  • Tourists: Enabled tourism industry to develop.


2. Events During the Building of CPR

  • British Columbia threatened to secede ( leave Confederation) when new government slowed the progress of building the railway that would connect it to the rest of Canada.

Structure of CPR in British Columbia


  • the Canadian Shield proved to be some of the most difficult terrain to lay track across.

The Area of the Canadian Shield


  • Despite heavy adverting, immigrants were not arriving in the numbers expected.

One of the adverting poster at that period of time

  • When sufficient local workers could not be found, Chinese workers were brought to work on most dangerous section of the track: Rocky and Selkirk Mountain.
Chinese Workers

The Chinese Workers

  • There was little enthusiasm or financial support from the British government, who had its own financial concern to worry about.
The British Government

The British Government

  • William Van Horn, the manager, provided the leadership needed to complete the transcontinental railway.
William.C.Van Horne

William.C.Van Horne

  • During the Riel Rebellion of 1885, the railway transported soldiers to quell the protest in a fraction of the time it would have taken without the railway.

MacDonald Sends Troop on the unfinished CPR in the Riel's Rebellion in 1885

  • Donald Smith, a major financial backer of the Canadian Pacific Railway, hammered the railway’s last spike at Craigellachie, BC in 1885. The completion of CPR made the BC joined back to the Dominion of Canada.


Donald Smith's Last Spike on November 7, 1885